November 17, 2012

Royal Residences Of Transylvania, Romania

Did you know that Bran Castle was a royal residence in the country of Romania?  

The legendary Queen Marie of Romania lived there with her family, after the end of World War I.  She would be the first queen of greater Romania, as Transylvania (at the time of the beginning of her husband's reign) was a part of the Kingdom of Hungary, in the Austrian Empire before the year 1919.  

After the end of World War I, she would have Bran Castle as one of her many royal residences. She had others, but this was on which was in Transylvania and was also near the city of Brasov and many other important cites which the Romanian royal family would use as measures of unity for Greater Romania

After her death, just before the start of World War II she gave the castle to her younger daughter Archduchess Ileana.  Her other daughters Queen Marie of Yugoslavia and Queen Elizabeth of Greece both had other residences which they could call home, or did not live in Romania.

The Prince Michael the Brave, of Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania also had a residence in Transylvania:  It was in the city of Alba Iulia.  During his reign, he would command from this traditional stronghold of the Roman Empire, but a city which many Romanians consider the "heart of Transylvania."  He lived there for a short time after having united the three principalities which would become a part of Romania.

His assassination would make certain that Transylvania would not become a part of what would become Romania until much later.  However, the Kingdom of Hungary would have control over Transylvania, but Hungary itself would form a part of the Empire of Austria under the control of the Habsburgs who did not care for Transylvania- other than they were the "grand princes of Transylvania."

There are many castles and residences in Transylvania.  These are not "royal residences" but rather the castles or homes of Princes, dukes or other minor princes who lived in Transylvania.  Many examples can be found on many maps Transylvania and explained with the battles which were found in the area.

Some people might wonder if any other royal families might have a residence in Transylvania and the answer is yes.  The Prince of Wales owns a "cabin" in Trnayslvania and he does frequent the area.  The Austrian Royal Family, however, does not officially have any castles which they own in Transylvania, but they did have access to them during the time that they were in power. (Before 1918.)

Fargaras Fortress was also originally the home of many of the princes of Transylvania, and it is still accessible to tourists today.  It is considered a royal residence since during its construction Transylvania did not have an official "king" although it would be ruled by the King of Hungary later on.

No comments: