August 29, 2011

What Does Stalin Have to Do With Transylvania?

What did Joesph Stalin have to do with Transylvania?  You might say nothing much except that he was the one who had influence on the final land-- country-- that Transylvania would be a part of after the Second World War.

Romania, while an ally in the final months of the war, still expected the land back. Transylvania was a part of Europe, but it was also in the sphere of Soviet influence.  Stalin was the leader of Russia and this meant that he needed to show his influence in the places of Eastern Europe.

Romania had oil and Hungary did not.  Russia need to have more oil, and Romania had more oil.  Yugoslavia was not a reliable ally, and Hungary was close to Austria and Eastern Germany was not secure.  These along with many others reasons was part of Why after 1945 Romania has had all of Transylvania as a part of the country.

August 26, 2011

Why Is Translyvania a Part of Romania?

This is a historical question.  Since 1919, Transylvania has been a part of the country of Romania.  Before this time, it was a part of Hungary.  So what made this territorial change possible?

It was not this woman:
Queen Marie of Romania who made this possible.  She was instrumental in the negotiations which happened after a world event.  She was a part of what became known as the Paris Peace talks.  She was Queen of Romania in 1914.  Yet... she became Queen of Greater Romania in 1919.

It was these men In Alba Iulia:

These men were part of a group that voted together for the unification of Transylvania to Romania.  this group consisted of Romanians, and Saxons.  However the more than 1 million Hungarians did not vote for Unification.

This was confirmed as fact by the Paris Peace talks and the Treaty of Trianaon.  So, why is Transylvania a part of Romania?

World War I.  This happened between 1914 and 1918.  An ally of Great Britain and France and Imperial Russia was Romania.  There is of course the point that in Transylvania there is a high number of Romanians, more than half the population of Transylvania.  The allies also did not want another war fought so soon after this war.

This is why Transylvania is a part of Romania after 1919.

August 24, 2011

Transylvania Book: Publishing and More

Does it seem like it has been a long time in coming?  I've been writing this blog for a while, and also working towards publishing a book for about the same time.  It's a long journey to write about a topic such as Transylvania.

This is a journey but a book is not made by one person, rather it takes a lot of people to write and publish a book on Transylvania.  There is more to publishing something than simply asking "where is Transylvania?" or "what does Dracula have to do with Transylvania?"

The idea here is that Transylvania needs to have a few book written about it.  So here's to one more book out there, very soon.  It is a point of pride that it happens to be about Transylvania.

August 22, 2011

Transylvania: Royal Relations

All of these people in these photos directly are related to each other, but you'll have a bit of a challenge if you do not know the links.

Photo 1:  Queen Marie of Romania, and some of her children, most notably, Crown Prince Carol.

Photo 2: Tsar Alexander, His son Alexander, and his wife Empress Marie of Russia, in photo one they are the grandparent and uncle of Queen Marie of Romania, and the great-grandparents and great- uncle of crown Prince Carol.

Photo 3: King Micheal of Romania, his grandmother Queen Marie and his father king Carol II are found in photo 1.  They are part of the Romanian Royal family.

These people in photos 1 and 3 would have the most direct links to Transylvania.  However, it is not King Micheal who has the most connection to Transylvania, but rather his cousins of his aunt Archduchess Ileana of Austria.  Her descendants have possession of Bran Castle.  where is it in Transylvania?  close to Brasov/

August 18, 2011

Dracula and Three Things That Are Similar

There is something important about these three images below: I will give you more explaination after you've had a chance to look at them.

These are photos of: Bran Castle in Transylvania, of Transylvania's nature and of Sighi┼čoara, which was the birthplace of one Vlad Tepes.

This is where in Transylvania history meets legends.  After all it is well seen that Bran Castle has a huge tourism base for Transylvania.  This is due to Count Dracula.  This means that it makes money for the people of Transylvania and since Transylvania is part of Romania, it makes money for the Romanian government.

It is all about connections of course.  John Hunyadi was an important man in the history of Transylvania, and had he killed one Vlad Tepes a few years earlier, then there would certainly not be a Dracula.  He would not have been born.  There is an overlooked connection.

Culture is also an important thing, and this is something we need to be aware of.  Again this is something you can find almost anywhere, but it does damage to Transylvania.  ( No I didn't send the email I wrote the post!)

August 16, 2011

Tourism Transylvania, and Royalty

Alba Iulia is a lovely town.  It is a great tourism draw for Transylvania.  It is interesting to find the history behind each place.  The city is full of it.  There have been many royal events there.  There have been many defining moments there as well.

For Transylvania, this is a must see city.

Royalty is as important to Romania, as it is to many countries.  Although there is not a royal family who "reigns" there now, there was once.  One of the more famous Romanian royal couples were: King Ferdinand and Queen Marie.

This royal couple was crowned King and Queen of Greater Romania in Alba Iulia.  The Hungarians also had history there as well, and like Hungary and its history there is more to learn.

Alba Iulia was a Roman fort, and has been there for countless centuries.  It is also the burial sites for many of the Hungarian royals of Transylvania.  This is an important note since many people see Transylvania as being a huge area with more natural resources than tourism attractions.

August 12, 2011

Transylvania and Hungary: The History

There is a large history of Transylvania and Hungary.  Although it is controversial, the historical fact remains that Transylvania was a part of Hungary until 1919.  After this, Transylvania, by popular vote of the Romanians and Saxons of the area, voted to join with Romania.

Hungary, and its kings had influence, in Transylvania. According to Saxon histories, King Geza of Hungary invited the Saxons to populate and protect the land of Transylvania...

The problem is that it was populated. There were Romanians and Roma who lived there.  The difference was that they had a different religion.  The Saxons at the time were Catholics.  This was more likely the reason for the invitation.

The is plenty of history between Transylvania and Hungary but also with Romania.

August 8, 2011

Queen Maria of Romania: Russian Jewels for a Romanian Queen

Why would you put up a picture of this woman?  She is most certainly not from Romania, or Transylvania, so what does she have to do with either place?  She is looks like she is from a royal house with all the jewels.  She has a demenor which would be simple to think she was born into wealth.

It does not seem that she would have anything to do with Romania.  It certainly would not be a link to Transylvania.

She seems very British, and a bit Russian- no, still no describable link to Transylvania.  Her name was Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, and her father was Czar of Russia.  She was born into riches, and would die in near poverty in 1920- or as much as you could call it poverty.

 In fact she was married to a Prince Alfred of Britain, the second son of Queen Victoria.  Still there is not direct link to Romania, or even to Transylvania, yet correct?

Not entirely.

Many of her jewels are found in the possession of the Romanian royal family.  How did this come to be if there wasn't some sort of link with each royal house?

This might seem hard if you did not know that she would have several children-  most of them daughters.  One of these daughters became Queen Marie of Romania.  Her only son would die before his father, but her other daughters would marry into royal houses of their own.

After this Marie's death many of her jewels were passed to her daughters- Marie, the oldest Queen of Romania, Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess of Russia, Alexandra a duchess Germany, and Beatrice an Infanta in Spain.  These jewels were given to Grand Duchess Marie at the time of her marriage and after, but they were of Russia origin. Marie herself would wear many of them in photos on Romania.

The crown placed upon Queen Marie's head in 1922 however, has its links with Transylvania.  It was crafted from gold from Transylvanian mines and King Ferdinand was crowned King of Greater Romania in 1922, in Alba Iulia.

August 6, 2011

If You Want To See Bran Castle... Know Where It Is.

I was able get some writing done, and my boo on Transylvania is almost there... but I was asked once again where is Bran Castle?

It is in a beaitifule part of the country of Romania, and a part of Transylvania.  It has been there for many centuries and with care will be for many to come.  It is a huge tourist draw and people want to see it.

The important thing about Transylvania is that you have to know where things are.  This includes Bran Castle.  You have to know where it is.  oh and you should brush up on the Knights Templar.  They have much to do with this castle.

August 4, 2011

Countess of The Blood: Elizabeth Bathory Castles

These photos show the main castle which Elizabeth Bathory lived. She was born and buried in Nagyecsed, but lived much of her life in Transylvania.  She was married at a young age, but at this time-outs women who were of noble birth were expected to have a husband and several children by the time they were in their 30s if not earlier.

Transylvania was a part of the Kingdom of Hungary, and Bathory was a part of the Hungarian nobility.

The Castle she lived in- in the two photographs to your left- is not like Bran Castle. That castle which is still in a pristine state, is unlike hers which is now ruins.  Hers is found in a national park, and Bran Castle is the site of many tourists stops when they go to Transylvania.

The castle fell into ruin in 1708 after much of the interior was plundered. The most infamous resident was Bathory.   She would be one of the first female serial killers, but one with the most notoriety.

She would be remembered at a later date in the book: Dracula: The Un-Dead by Dacre Stoker-- a book with both her and Count Dracula as major characters. She killed, it is reported starting in 1604, 600 young women.

These women were mostly peasants. The castle was part of her marriage gift from her husband, and was called Cahtice Castle. Bathory used her maiden name, and would later gain the epitaph of the "Bloody Lady" or the Countess of the Blood.

other Castles she lived in included: a family estate in Hungary, and Nadasdy Castle, which she lived in while her husband was in Vienna.  Most of her life was lived in Hungary and Transylvania.

August 2, 2011

Dracula Is A Money Maker?

Say you want to takes a tour of Transylvania.  First you have to know where is Transylvania?  Simple, it is in Romania, which is a part of Europe.

Next you will have to decide where you want to go.

So where are you going to go?  How about Brasov?  It is close to Bran Castle and it is significant.  After all Vlad Tepes had many of his most heated "battles" there.  In that regard one should go and see it.

Dracula is a money maker?

Brasov has many other things there that should interest you, including John of Brasov who was a religious reformer.  Still, it was interesting to note that Brasov is also known for its "links" with Bran Castle since the Castle is close to the city.

I would have to say that for all concerned that had Dracula and other stories not appeared in Western literature there would be less of a money maker for Transylvania and the Romanian economy.